Nizhny Novgorod

Founded in: 1221 Population: 1,278,800 Distance to Moscow: 425 km Due to its advantageous location on the Volga River, Nizhny Novgorod developed into Russia’s key commerce centre in the 19th century. It is one of Russia’s most traditional and beautiful cities. Famous annual trade fairs attracted the country’s merchants and wealth to the city. Nizhny Novgorod, along with its Kremlin, is beautifully situated on the hills overlooking the Volga River. The Kremlin, dating back to the 16th century, has a 2-kilometre brick fortress wall and 13 watchtowers. It stands on an elevation offering a breathtaking view of the city and its waterfront. Nizhny Novgorod is one of a hundred world cities included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Today, Nizhny Novgorod has a population of 1.28 million and continues to grow as a key business and cultural centre in Russia.

Top sights in Nizhny Novgorod

It is known from the annals, that Nizhny Novgorod was founded in 1221 by Grand Vladimir Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich. Fortifications of the city - deep moats and high walls - were originally built of wood and earth. Stone fortifications of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin appeared a century and a half later, after the Moscow Kremlin, in 1515, when it became necessary to strengthen the defense of the city - the main stronghold of the Moscow State against the Khanate of Kazan. The new Kremlin was surrounded by a two-kilometer long wall with 13 towers. In the XVI century the fortress was repeatedly precipitated by the enemy, but the enemy never was able to seize it. With the fall of the Khanate of Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin lost its military significance and began to play the role of the administrative center. After an unsuccessful repair in the late eighteenth century the masonry of the Kremlin walls began to crumble. Restoration works were carried out by the Soviet government in the mid-twentieth century. Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin might be interesting, especially as a historical monument, the core of the Nizhny Novgorod land.

It is known from the annals, that Nizhny Novgorod was founded in 1221 by Grand Vladimir Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich. Fortifications of the city - deep moats and high walls - were originally built of…