Moscow

Founded in the 12th century, Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation and one of the most renowned and fascinating cities in the world. It is a dynamic 21st century metropolis showcasing some of the world’s best shopping, nightlife, restaurants and culture. Moscow welcomes over four million tourists each year. Home to over 130 nationalities and 11 million residents, Moscow is served by three international airports and the world’s second busiest underground system. If one hasn’t visited Moscow lately, one hasn’t visited Moscow. The city is blessed with beautiful architecture and such renowned cultural landmarks as the Bolshoi Theatre, the Kremlin, the Pushkin Fine Arts Museum and the Tretyakov Gallery, to name but a few. Moscow is also home to three UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Kremlin and Red Square. The colourful St Basil’s Cathedral on Red Square is the symbol of both Moscow and Russia. Luzhniki Stadium is located at the centre of Moscow’s 145-hectare Olympic complex, one of the largest sports complexes in the world. Luzhniki Stadium will be the main venue and the heart of the 2018 FIFA World Cup™ tournament, used for the Opening Match, a semi-final and the Final. The Luzhniki sports complex stretches along the Moscow River and lies opposite the beautiful Vorob’evy Hills Natural Park. The majestic Moscow State University observation area overlooks the stadium. Moscow is surrounded by satellite towns and neighbourhoods that comprise Moscow Region. Visitors can travel by bus or train to the small Russian cities as old as Moscow, and bursting with history and charm.

Top sights in Moscow

The Bolshoi Theatre has always been and remains one of the main symbols of Russia. This is the main national theatre, the keeper of russian traditions and the center of world music culture, contributing to the development of theatrical art in the country. March 28, 1776 is considered to be the date of foundation of the Moscow Bolshoi Theatre when Catherine II signed the privilege of Prosecutor Prince Peter Urusov to perform shows, masquerades, balls and other entertainments for a period of ten years. In 1853, the theatre was badly damaged by fire and was rebuilt by the architect Albert Cavos. The large building that is perceived for many years as one of the main attractions of Moscow, has opened on 20 October 1856 during the days of Alexander II coronation. Monumental building with a powerful eight-columned portico and with a copper Apollo’s quadriga  over the pediment by sculptor Peter Klodt is a beautiful monument of Russian empire style with outstanding decoration. October 29, 2002, the troupe has received a new scene to work during the years of a large-scale reconstruction of the historical building, which lasted from 2005 to 2011. This reconstruction has revived many of the lost features of the theatre appearance and yet put it in the row of the most technically equipped theater buildings in the world.

The Bolshoi Theatre has always been and remains one of the main symbols of Russia. This is the main national theatre, the keeper of russian traditions and the center of world music culture,

The Moscow Kremlin is the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation, and a unique architectural ensemble, included in the UNESCO world cultural and natural heritage. It includes museums-cathedrals: the Dormition Cathedral, the Cathedral of the Archangel, Cathedral of the Annunciation; the Church of the Deposition of the Robe, the Patriarch's Palace of the XVII century and the Church of the Twelve Apostles, the ensemble of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower and the Kremlin Armoury. The Kremlin museums preserve unique works of different genres of art, which illustrate the ceremonials of secular and spiritual rulers. The first settlements on the territory of the Kremlin belong to the bronze age, they were first mentioned in chronicles in 1147. The first fortifications were built by 1156. Since 1264, this castle became the residence of the Moscow princes, and later of the kings and the church hierarchs. Wooden walls and towers of the fortress wall, built of oak, appeared in 1339, stone - in 1367. The Kremlin has received modern design  after a major reconstruction in the second half of the XV century. The reconstruction was lead by the Italian architects. The famous Spasskaya (Saviour) tower with chimes, built in 1491 became the symbol of the Kremlin. The Spassky (Saviour) gate is the main gate in the Kremlin, Russian tsars and emperors used it to enter Kremlin, according to tradition. In 1955 the Kremlin was partially open to the public, and became a museum under the open sky.

The Moscow Kremlin is the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation, and a unique architectural ensemble, included in the UNESCO world cultural and natural heritage. It includes…

The St. Basil's Cathedral is located in the center of Moscow, in the Red Square. It is also known as Pokrovsky Cathedral and its official name is The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat. The temple was built by the orders of czar Ivan The Terrible in the middle of XVI century by Russian builders in 5 years. It is a symbol of victory; most of its churches commemorate the victory over the Kazan Khanate. Some historians believe that the Kazan Kul-Sharif Mosque was used as a basis of architectural plan for Cathedral. According to legendsm after the capture of the city of Kazan, russian czar Ivan the Terrible ordered to destroy a mosque, and to take its gilded domes to Moscow.
It is sometimes said that eight chapters of Moscow church allegedly repeat configuration of Kul-Sharif Mosque, and the highest, the ninth, is a symbol of victory that dominates over them. It is also known that when Napoleon first saw St. Basil's Cathedral, he called it

The St. Basil's Cathedral is located in the center of Moscow, in the Red Square. It is also known as Pokrovsky Cathedral and its official name is The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy…